The 2nd of May, as the birth day of Ki Hajar Dewantara, is known as Indonesia National Education Day. Born to a wealthy family with the name Raden Mas Soerjadi Soerjaningrat, he felt so strongly about the importance of being able to be amongst the rest of the population he dropped off the royal part of his name. When he was born, Indonesia was under the control of the Dutch who allowed education to only those who where of Dutch birth or from very wealthy families. For his out spoken criticism related to the treatment of the people of Indonesia he was exiled and stayed out of the country until 1918 when he and others returned to establish an institute for education. After Indonesia gained their independence he was named Minister of Education and since his death in 1959 the day has been marked to remember him and his contribution to the education of the people of his country.